Python functions

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What is a function?

A function is a block of code that performs a specific task. Functions help you organize your code and make it reusable.

How to define a function in Python?

In Python, you can define a function using the def keyword, followed by the function name and a set of parentheses (). Inside the parentheses, you can define any parameters that the function takes. The code block within every function starts with a colon : and is indented.

For example:

def greet(name):
  print("Hello, " + name)

This is a function called greet that takes a single parameter called name. When the function is called, it prints out a greeting with the name provided.

How to call a function in Python?

To call a function in Python, you simply need to use the function name followed by a set of parentheses (), and pass any required arguments inside the parentheses.

For example:


This would call the greet function and pass the argument “John” to it. The function would then print out “Hello, John”.

Returning a value from a function

In Python, you can use the return keyword to specify a value that a function should return. When a function encounters the return keyword, it will immediately exit and return the specified value.

For example:

def add(a, b):
  result = a + b
  return result

sum = add(1, 2)


This function, called add, takes two arguments a and b, and returns their sum. When the function is called with the arguments 1 and 2, it returns the value 3, which is then stored in the variable sum and printed out.

Here are some more examples of functions in Python:

def is_even(n):
  if n % 2 == 0:
    return True
    return False

def calculate_area(length, width):
  return length * width

def add_and_multiply(a, b, c):
  result = a + b
  result *= c
  return result

def say_hello():

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